What is the best way to implement a singleton pattern class in Actionscript 3? - Stack Overflow

admin2022-05-20  41

Since AS3 does not allow private constructors, it seems the only way to construct a singleton and guarantee the constructor isn't explicitly created via "new" is to pass a single parameter and check it.

I've heard two recommendations, one is to check the caller and ensure it's the static getInstance(), and the other is to have a private/internal class in the same package namespace.

The private object passed on the constructor seems preferable but it does not look like you can have a private class in the same package. Is this true? And more importantly is it the best way to implement a singleton?

Answers:

Since AS3 does not allow private constructors, it seems the only way to construct a singleton and guarantee the constructor isn't explicitly created via "new" is to pass a single parameter and check it.

I've heard two recommendations, one is to check the caller and ensure it's the static getInstance(), and the other is to have a private/internal class in the same package namespace.

The private object passed on the constructor seems preferable but it does not look like you can have a private class in the same package. Is this true? And more importantly is it the best way to implement a singleton?

Answers:

A slight adaptation of enobrev's answer is to have instance as a getter. Some would say this is more elegant. Also, enobrev's answer won't enforce a Singleton if you call the constructor before calling getInstance. This may not be perfect, but I have tested this and it works. (There is definitely another good way to do this in the book "Advanced ActionScrpt3 with Design Patterns" too).

package {
    public class Singleton {

    private static var _instance:Singleton;

    public function Singleton(enforcer:SingletonEnforcer) {
        if( !enforcer) 
        {
                throw new Error( "Singleton and can only be accessed through Singleton.getInstance()" ); 
        }
    }

    public static function get instance():Singleton
    {
        if(!Singleton._instance)
        {
            Singleton._instance = new Singleton(new SingletonEnforcer());
        }

        return Singleton._instance;
    }
}

}
class SingletonEnforcer{}

Answers:

I've been using this for some time, which I believe I originally got from wikipedia of all places.

package {
    public final class Singleton {
        private static var instance:Singleton = new Singleton();

        public function Singleton() {
            if( Singleton.instance ) {
                throw new Error( "Singleton and can only be accessed through Singleton.getInstance()" ); 
            }
        }

        public static function getInstance():Singleton {                
            return Singleton.instance;
        }
    }
}

Here's an interesting summary of the problem, which leads to a similar solution.

Answers:

You can get a private class like so:

package some.pack
{
  public class Foo
  {
    public Foo(f : CheckFoo)
    {
      if (f == null) throw new Exception(...);
    }
  }

  static private inst : Foo;
  static public getInstance() : Foo
  {
     if (inst == null)
         inst = new Foo(new CheckFoo());
     return inst;
  }
}

class CheckFoo
{
}

Answers:

The pattern which is used by Cairngorm (which may not be the best) is to throw a runtime exception in the constructor if the constructor is being called a second time. For Example:

public class Foo {
  private static var instance : Foo;

  public Foo() {
    if( instance != null ) { 
      throw new Exception ("Singleton constructor called");
    }
    instance = this;
  }

  public static getInstance() : Foo {
    if( instance == null ) {
      instance = new Foo();
    }
    return instance;
  }

}    

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